Subject-verb agreement is an essential grammatical concept that students need to master early on. It refers to the concord between the subject and verb in a sentence. In other words, the verb must agree with the subject in number (singular or plural). As a professional, I’ve put together this article on the rules of subject-verb agreement for class 6.
1. A singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb.
The cat chases the mouse. (singular subject and verb)
The cats chase the mice. (plural subject and verb)
2. In sentences with compound subjects joined by “and,” use a plural verb.
John and Mary play soccer every Sunday. (compound subject and plural verb)
3. When a sentence has a compound subject joined by “or” or “nor,” use the verb that agrees with the nearest subject.
Neither the teacher nor the students are happy about the test results. (compound subject and plural verb)
4. In sentences with collective nouns, use a singular verb when referring to the group as a whole.
The team is playing well this season. (collective noun and singular verb)
5. When a collective noun refers to individual members of the group, use a plural verb.
The team are celebrating their victory. (collective noun and plural verb)
6. In sentences with indefinite pronouns (such as everybody, somebody, anyone, etc.), use a singular verb.
Everyone likes chocolate. (indefinite pronoun and singular verb)
7. In sentences with words that indicate a specific amount or quantity (such as many, a few, some, etc.), use a plural verb.
Many students are attending the school dance. (specific amount and plural verb)
8. When using words like “each” or “every,” use a singular verb.
Each of the girls is bringing a dish to the potluck. (each and singular verb)
In conclusion, understanding the rules of subject-verb agreement is crucial for ensuring clear and effective communication. By mastering these rules, class 6 students will be on their way to becoming better writers and communicators.